Rice is the most common food item in India. Yet most of us are not aware of its nutritious value. All varieties of whole-grain rice are good sources of complex carbohydrates and fiber. They also contain some protein and small amounts of magnesium, phosphorus, thiamin and niacin. White rice is stripped of the fiber and trace minerals found in whole-grain (brown) rice but is enriched with thiamin, niacin, iron and folic acid.
Various kinds of rice are found in the market—usually in brown and white varieties. It’s an excellent idea to look for some brown-rice varieties when you are searching for natural-food.
Long-grain rice is easy to find in any market, and it has a mildly sweet, nutty flavor. This type of rice has grains which are about five times longer than their width, which tends to stay separate, as well as, fluffy when they are cooked.
Medium-grain rice is not as fluffy as long-grain brown rice, but not as sticky as short-grain. Grains are two to three times longer than their width. Good for rice patties or in casseroles.
Short-grain rice has grains that are more round than elongated. It releases starch when cooked—yielding a characteristic moist, sticky texture. Use in place of white sticky rice for sushi, in risotto or rice pudding.
Jasmine rice is one of the types of fluffy, long-grain rice. It can be identified by its sweet floral aroma. It can be used in place of basmati rice. However purists would often point out that jasmine should be served with Thai food while basmati pairs best with Indian.
Basmati rice is a signature grain in Indian cuisine. This long-grain rice has a popcorn-like aroma and slightly nutty flavor. Once imported exclusively from India, U.S.-grown basmati is now widely available. Use it as you would other long-grain rice.
Brown rice can be stored up to six months at room temperature. To extend its shelf life, store brown rice in the refrigerator or freezer.
White rice on the other hand can be stored almost indefinitely in a tightly covered container to keep out moisture, dust and contaminants.
If you are looking for excellent quality rice at affordable prices, I would recommend Rishta Food Products. They are known for producing excellent quality, healthy, nutritious food, one of which contains long grain rice, raw rice, balami rice, parboiled rice, etc.